FNS supports State flexibility in designing SNAP E&T programs that fit the needs of the local economy and SNAP Participants. This page highlights the primary resources that States may use in developing and implementing E&T programs for SNAP participants. For a full list of all SNAP E&T official policy and guidance relevant to implementing SNAP E&T programs and policy, see the SNAP E&T Policy and Guidance page on the FNS website.

Employment and Training Plan Handbook (USDA, 2017)

The State plan handbook provides guidance to State Agencies administering and operating the SNAP E&T program on how to prepare and submit their annual plan to FNS for approval. This month, FNS released a new version for FY18 that includes updates from the prior year. Notable updates included a request for descriptions of tribal consultations, consolidated budget information, and an update of components names and descriptions.

Policy Clarifications for Administering the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance (USDA, 2017)

FNS-issued policy clarification regarding several statutory and regulatory requirements that State agencies operating mandatory E&T programs must implement to ensure adequate protections for SNAP applicants and recipients as well as proper administration of the program.

SNAP Employment and Training Program Monitoring, Oversight and Reporting Measures (USDA, 2016)

The guidance is for States on implementing the interim final rule on SNAP E&T Program Monitoring, Oversight and Reporting Measures. Section 4022 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2014 required USDA to develop national reporting measures and for State agencies to report outcome data to the department. The interim final rule implementing these measures was released on March 24, 2016 and required the first annual report for Fiscal Year 2017 by January 2018.

SNAP Employment and Training (E&T) Best Practices: Final Report (USDA, 2016)

This study — mandated by Section 4022 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (PL 113-79) — reviews research on employment and training (E&T) program components and practices that: (1) assist members of households participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) to obtain regular employment; and (2) are best integrated with State workforce development systems. This review also included research on the effectiveness of E&T components offered to low-income individuals by other Federal and State agencies, and the private philanthropic sector.

Employment and Training Toolkit: A Toolkit to Help States Create, Implement and Manage Dynamic E&T Programs (USDA, 2013)

The purpose of this toolkit is to provide State agencies with the know-how and resources to plan and implement Employment and Training (E&T) Programs under the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly called the Food Stamp Program).  It includes the fundamentals of SNAP E&T policy and helpful recommendations and “tips” regarding how to plan and operate a SNAP E&T program.

SNAP E&T State Plan Handbook (USDA, April 2016)

This document provides guidance to State agencies administering and operating the SNAP E&T program on how to prepare and submit their annual plan to FNS for approval.  Section 6 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, as amended, (the Act) provides that each State shall implement an employment and training program for the purpose of assisting members of SNAP households in gaining skills, training, work or experience that will increase their ability to obtain regular employment.  This guidance highlights E&T State Plan requirements and supersedes all prior SNAP E&T Plan Handbooks and guidance.